Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a procedure done to remove a gallbladder. This procedure become necessary when a patient has gallstone which are giving symptoms such as biliary colic (bouts of abdominal pains associated with gallstones), infection and blockage of bile by gallstones leading to jaundice. The procedure is performed through 4 small incisions on the belly through which a laparoscope and working instruments are passed. The gallbladder is free from it’s bed on the liver and divided. Any bleeding is attended to. Any pus related to infected and perforated gallbladder is drained. The gallbladder is removed through one of the incisions and the wounds are sutured.

Distal pancreatecomy

This procedure removes part of the body and tail of the pancreas. It is done for diseases limited to the body and tail of the pancreas. Because of the proximity of the blood supply to the pancreas and the spleen, it sometimes becomes necessary to remove the spleen. An incision is made across the upper belly below the ribs on both sides. The pancreas is identified and freed from all vital organs close to it. It is divided ensuring that all bleeding is stopped. The pancreas is removed and the wound on the belly is sutured closed.


Laparoscopic splenectomy

Laparoscopic splenectomy is a procedure done to remove the spleen. Your doctor typically does a splenectomy for disorders related to blood cell (hematological). Four small incisions are made on the belly and flank through which a laparoscope/telescope is passed together with other working instruments. The spleen is identified and freed from the surrounding vital organs. The spleen is divided were the blood vessels enter it while controlling for any bleeding. The spleen is the removed in a bag through one of the incisions making sure no pieces of splenic tissue are left behind. Wounds are sutured closed.